KYRGYZ NATIONAL GAMES
AT CHOBISH - Popular horse racing.
DJORGO SALYSH - A competition of special breed of horses
known as Djorgo.
KUNAN CHABISH - Racing foals, two to three years old.
ULAK TARTYSH" (or "KOK BORU") - Literally Goat
Snatching also known as Buz Kashi in other part of Central
Asia. Two teams of expert horsemen snatch a goat in a cross country racing mutch.
A very widespread game amongst the Kyrgyz, Kazakh, Tajik, and Uzbek. The name
"kok-boru" mean, "gray wolf. In fact this original game
is very ancient. It is appeared in those remote times when herds of cattle grazed
in the steppes and mountains all year round without a shelter or top dressing
exposed to the attacks of wolves. Having no firearms the shepherds could not
deal with wolves on the spot. Brave djigits (young men) chased after the wolves
until the beasts of pray ran off their feet, then began beating them with slicks
and lashes, trying to snatch it away from each other. Later "kok-boru"
was replaced by "ulak tartysh''. At present time this game is played on
green meadows of high mountain pastures as well as on racecourses. To seize
a goat in the center of the field and deliver it into the gates of the contesting
team is the objective of the game.
"OODARYSH" - wrestling on horseback: Two riders try to pull
each other off the horseback. It is allowed to throw the rival together with
his horse. The time given for wrestling is 10 minutes. The rider who manages
to pull the rival off his horse or throw him down together with the horse wins
the competition. The rules allow the player to seize the rival by his sash or
arms, by his torso, to press his knees or feet against the trunk of the rival's
"TYIN ENMEI" - picking up the coins from surface while racing
Each gamer is allowed to make three attempts.
"KYZ KUUMAI" - Traditional game in which the boy on horseback
must catch the girl and kiss her.
Previously the game was a part of the wedding. The bride, the bridegroom and
a sister-in-law - with the friends took part in the game. The bride did her
best to gallop away from her fiance; the sister-in-law assisted her in this.
The bride was given the best racer and she entitled to begin the races, so the
bridegroom was given a handicap in distance. The bridegroom set out in pursuit,
he had to catch up with her in this way proving his love for her and his right
to marry her. Being at a disadvantage the bridegroom sometimes failed to catch
up the girl. Yet she did not reject him and the wedding was not canceled. Following
the tradition the man rider is given a 20 meters handicap. The young man has
to catch up with the girl and kiss her while galloping or at least touch her
with his headdress. Galloping back it is the girl who chases the young man and
in case she catches him up she takes off his headdress. This is regarded as
the sign of her victory.
"ER-SIYSH" - Two riders try to pull each other off the horseback
KURESH - Traditional wrestling.
TOGUZ KARGO'OL - Traditional game played with nine balls.
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