Nikolai Mikhailovich Przhevalskiy
Nikolai Mikhailovich Przhevalskiy belonged to people
who never stopped exploring. He has done a number of trips to unknown areas
of Central Asia which had a great importance for both, Russian and western geografical
science. His scientific works were granted with special awards by geografical
societies of different countries.
Most of his trips Przhevalskiy has done to Chinese
territories which were advised him by another great russian traveler Semyonov-Tianshanskiy
who was a chairman of Russian Geografic Society at that moment and already visited
this region. Przhevalskiy and his expidition crossed mongolian and chinese deserts
few times, explored and discribed Alashan mountains, discovered a few unknown
before lakes (Lobnor, Russkoe) but their final goal was Lhassa in Tibet which,
unfortunetly, was never reached. When expedition was just a couple of days travelling
from Lhassa they were met by a group of ambrassadors who said that foreigners
are not welcome in Lhassa as they might attempt to steal their god Dalai Lama.
In 1888 Przhevalskiy arrives to Kyrgyzstan to start
his next expedition to Lhassa from here but on the way he gets infected by typhoid
which finally kills the great traveler. In his last wish Przhevalskiy asked
his mates to bury him on the shore of Issyk-Kul lake and put a simple sign "Traveler
Przhevalskiy" on his grave.
The monument designed by Mr.Bilderling was built
here in 1893 and become the 1st work of monumental sculptures in Kyrgyzstan.
Every part of the composition has own meaning. The landing bronze eagle symbolise
the mind and fearless, in the eagles beak there is an olive branch - the
symbol of peacefull achievments of science, under the claws there is a map of
Central Asia with marked routes of russian expeditions. Eleven stairs leading
to the monument symbolize 11 years that Przhevalskiy spent in his trips.
The museum was founded in 1957 on the territory
of 15 hectares. The fond consists of 500 exhibits, among them personal items
of Prjevalsky and a beautiful rifle of traveler.
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