Margilan is one of the most ancient cities in Central
Asia. Presently it has a total area of 50 square km, supporting a population
of 165 thousand of inhabitants.
Nobody knows exactly how old is the city, but according
to ancient books Margilan was the largest city in Fergana valley in 10th century.
Bobur the Lion mentioned Margilan in his book "Boburnome"
for its beautiful fruit gardens, sugar sweet pomegranates and apricots. It is
also historic fact that Alexander the Great went through the city twice in 4th
There is also a legend about the name of Margilan,
it tells what:
Alexander the Great on the way to India was going to pass Margilan town,
citizens knowing this, prepared to meet honorable guests, one of old man advised
to met them with chicken and bread as the Romanians like the chicken meat.
After the ceremony Alexander the Great asked a local
name of this dish. They replied: Murginon what means chicken and bread. No his
way back the citizens meet him with the same food and after Alexander the Great
had called this area Murginon. The time has change the pronunciation a little
bit but since that time the town called Margilan.
Margilan is the silk capital of Uzbekistan, there
are 2 factories producing the silk known all around the world. The Margilanian
silk was well known on the great silk road, it was exported to Baghdad, Kashgar,
Hursan, Egypt and Greece.
Things to see in ancient town of Margilan include
the fascinating bazaar and the beautiful Khonakhah Mosque, exquisitely carved
and painted in delicate shades of blue, yellow, pink and green. The one also
can see and take a part in silk producing by traditional methods at the Yodgorlik
Silk factory, the only place in Central Asia where the hand way of silk producing
still kept originally.