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UZBEKISTAN TRAVEL BASICS

General Information
Official name Republic of Uzbekistan
Capital Tashkent (population 2.3 mln.)
Area 447,400 sq km (172,740 sq miles).
Administrative subdivisions 12 regiones and Republic of Karakalpakstan,162 districts and 128cities and towns
Population 23,954,000 (1998).
Population Density 53.5 per sq km.
Average annual growth rate of population 1,33%
Official language Uzbek
GDP annual growth 5,2%
Urban population 44%
Average family size 5,5
Major ethnic groups Uzbek (74,1%), Russian (7,4%), Tajiks (4,7%), Kazakh (4,1%), Tartars (2,4%), Karakalpaks (2,1%), 5,2% other nationalities.
National currency Uzbek Sum
Religion Predominantly Sunni Muslim. There are 14 other religion confessions
Education: 11 years (high school). Literacy rate -officially claimed 100% :-)
Transportation: Highways - 80.000 km. Railways - 6.700 km.
Legal system: Based on constitution adopted on Dec. 8, 1992
The head of state and government President Islam Karimov (since 1991)
Supreme legislative body Oliy Majlis -National Parliament
The highest juridical body Supreme Court
Ruling party Coalition government led by Chalk Demokratik Partijasi (CDP) (Democratic People's Party).
Electricity 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Round two-pin continental plugs are standard.
Time:
GMT + 5.

Weather
The climate in Uzbekistan is extremely continental with very cold winters and particularly hot summers. It is generally warmest in the south and coldest in the north. Temperatures in December average -8°C (18°F) in the north and 0°C (32 °F) in the south. However, extreme fluctuations can take temperatures as low as -35°C (-31°F). During the summer months, temperatures can climb to 45°C (113°F) and above. Humidity is low. The best time to visit is during the spring and autumn.

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