Kyrgyzstans second biggest city in the south,
near the border with Uzbekistan. The city of about 250.000 people with dominantly
Uzbek population. They say Osh is older than Rome, and the number of legends
tells about Alexander The Great who had passed Osh on his way to India, King
Solomon who had slept on the place of present Solomon throne and Bobur the Lion,
the person who conquered India. Places to see include one of the best Central
Asias open markets, overcrowded with Kyrgyz, Uzbek and Tadjik people offering
everything from seasonal fruits and vegetables to traditional hats, knives,
horseshoes etc. The line of craftsmen still uses ancient technologies for making
everyday tools: knives, horseshoes and steel decorations for the houses.
Solomon's throne - the mountain of king Solomon
called Sulaiman Mountain. According to the legend this mount appeared after
King Solomon had rest on this place. For Central Asia Muslims Taht-I-Suleiman
is the 3rd sacred place after Mecca and Medina. On the top there is an ancient
mosque which operates till present time and was built by Bobur in 1510. There
is also unique museum in the natural cave. It is one of the oldest cities of
Central Asia with the history that dates back at least to the 5th century BC.
The Pamir highway, which leads to Kyrgyz-Tadjik
border and the main Pamir-Alai road to Kashgar (China) starts in Osh.
55 km northeast of Osh is town of Uzgen which history
dates back to 1st century BC. The sources say that it was the capital of Karahanids
in 10th-11th century; also Alexander The Great troops went through the town
on their way to India. Uzgen as well as Osh, was located on the historic crossroads
of different brunches of Silk Road and played a role of staging post in transit
trade. Nowadays all that remains of this history is 3 mausoleums and minaret
whose top fell down after an earthquake in 17th century and has been restored
by people in the village in 20th century.