A huge territory encompassing 2 time zones and covering
2.7 million sq km, Kazakhstan is the 9th largest country in the world, about
the size of whole Western Europe, stretching from Russia in the north to China
in the South and Caspian Sea in the west. It is also potentially the richest
of all the Central Asian countries with huge mineral and oil reserves and
the least densely populated having an ethnically mixed population of 17 million
people of Kazakhs, Russians, Ukrainians, Uzbeks, Tatars, Germans and others.
Kazakhstan borders the Russian Federation, Turkmenistan,
Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and China. For many centuries, Kazakhstan's vast steppes
were home only to nomadic people and they are still virtually empty. The Kazakh-distantly
related to Chingiz Khan hordes emerged as a nationality in the 15th century.
By the 17th century the Russians had arrived and in 1848 all of Kazakhstan
was under the Russian rule. Fort clay Verny was established by Russians in
1854 and later become Almaty-the capital of Kazakhstan. Most settlements are
concentrated in the southeast and the east of the Republic. By 19th century
Kazakhstan become the part of Soviet Union until 1991 when it gained its independence.
South Kazakhstan is a focus of Central Asian history and there are many famous
monuments in the region. It is a scenically alpine region where the snow-capped
peaks, multicoloured lakes and pristine glaciers of the Tian Shan mountain
kingdom give way to vast steppe and desert. This is the home of abundant wildlife
including almost 200 species of mammals and 480 species of birds.
Kazakh dishes include kazi, chuzhuk, suret and besbarmak
made from horse meat or lamb will leave you with deepest satisfaction of local
Climate- Kazakhstan has different climactic zones, but for
the most part the climate is continental.
Official language is kazakh.
Aliases: Khazakhstan, Kazahstan, The Republic of Kazakhstan.