Kazakh food was influenced by Middle East from one
hand and by Russia from another but most of the traditional nomads food would
consist of lamb (mutton), milk and bread (noodles). East brought use of rice
and some vegetables and Russia came with potatoes and tradition of stuffing
vegetables and dough.
Most typical traditional meal that is served on special
occasions or without any is meat in Kazakh manner. Boiled meat sewed in large
pieces. The host cuts the meat treating every guest to dainty pieces: the pelvic
bones and a shin are given to elder honorable guests, brisket - to the son-in-law
or daughter-in-law and so on. To the most valued guest host gives the specially
cooked sheep's head. This guest has to distribute it among those present observing
a some ritual which represents the ancient custom of respect for guests - aksakals
(old men), children and relatives.
Main traditional meals: Shuzhuk, zhaya, sorpa, balyk sorpa, kespe,
salma, kuyrdak, basturma, manty, beldeme, lagman, plov, sweet plov, baursak,
samsa, chak-cak, kurt, suzbe.