Chokan Valikhanov is recognized as a founder of Kazakh
democratic publicism. He was born in Kushmurun in 1835. He graduated from Omsk
He has done much work on exploring eastern Central
Asia during his mumberous trips around this region. and especially Kyrgyzstan.
He was the first one who wrote down and described some parts of famous Kyrgyz
epos "Manas". His research completed during his military-scientific
expedition promoted unknown Central Asia to western world.
Most valueble works of Chokan Valikhanov: "Diary.
Trip to Issyk-kul", "Kyrgyzes", "Western territory of the
Chinese Empire and city Kuldja", "Feature stories about Djungari",
"About the condition of Altyshara or six east cities of the Chinese province
Nan-Lu", "Kyrgyz genealogy", "Legends and traditions of
the great Kyrgyz-Kaisar horde", "Shana-batyr", "Edige".