Kazakh (46%), Russian (35%), Ukranian (4,9%), German (3,1%),
11% other nationalities.
Islam, Russian Ortodox Christianity, and other confessions
11 years (high school), 2 years college, 4-5 years University
Highways -128,000 km. Railways - 14,000 km.
Based on constitution adopted on
The head of state and government
President Narsultan Nazarbaev (since 1991)
Supreme legislative body
Oliy Majlis- National Parliament
The highest juridical body
Republican Party "Otan" since Oct 1999.
220 volts AC, 50Hz. Round two-pin continental plugs are standard.
Kazakhstan has three time zones:
Main Zone: GMT + 6 (GMT + 7 from 28 March to 26 October).
Central Zone: GMT + 5 (GMT + 6 from 28 March to 26 October).
Western Zone: GMT + 4 (GMT + 5 from 28 March to 26 October).
Mostly covered by desert and steppe Kazakhstan has continental fairly
dry climate with cold winters and hot summers, but there are still different
climactic zones. The hottest month is July. The best months to explore the mountainous
areas and travel by the Great Silk Road are June, July, August, September and
the first two weeks of October. The temperature in the north of the country
ranges between -19°/-24°C (-2-11°F) in January to 22-28°C (72-82°F)
in July. In the south, the temperatures range from -3°/-9°C (27°/-16°F)
in January to 26-29°C (79-84°F) in July. There are snowfalls during