THE GREAT SILK ROAD
The Great Silk Road is the trading caravan way
from China to the capital of Rome empire. Existed from the 2nd century B.C.
till the 16th century A.D. the total length of the route was about 7 thousand
km. It got its name from the first item of transit trade - Chinese silk, later
beside silk, appeared other goods: jewellery, glass, iron etc.
The main route of the Great Silk Road went through
the territories of China, basin of Tarim, Over Pamir and Tien-Shan mountains,
Central Asia, Afghanistan, Iran, along the eastern shore of Mediterranean
and farther to the main trade centres of Near East, North Africa and Europe.
The Great Silk Road played an important role in lifestyle of many nations
of Eurasia. It was an important artery in ancient and middle aged time, the
source of trade and information, cause of many conflicts and wars. Along the
route appeared, reached the golden ages and die many nations and cultures,
trade centres and many capitals of world empires.
In the 2nd century B.C. People took many attempts
to cross Tien-Shan barrier, some scientists suppose that this part of the
Great Silk Road already functioned in 4th century B.C. In any way the territory
and nations of ancient Tien-Shan were located in the heart of this huge economical
and cultural phenomenon.
Many caravan routes on the Great Silk Road were changed by time, and only
the main directions from the East to the West and back were kept originally.
Caravan traffic was very slow, in good day the
caravan consisted from 100 to 10 thousand camels covered 8 farsah (50 km),
in nasty days - 4 forsah (25 km). Along the route the one could take a rest
The Great Silk Road promoted the transition to
settled style of life, and developing of animal breeding. There were no similar
phenomenons in the history of humanity with the same economical and cultural
importance. The Great Silk Road put the Order, Commonwealth and Peace in general
chaos of the Middle Ages.